Mayor John P. Mitchel records

Collection REC0006 - RG 001. Office of the Mayor of the City of New York

Collection REC0006 - RG 001/RG 001.JVM. Office of the Mayor, Joseph V. McKee

Abstract

John P. Mitchel was the 95th Mayor of New York, serving during the World War I era from 1914-1917. This collection consists of the records produced by the Office of the Mayor during his administration.

Extent

127 cubic feet (250 boxes and 20 volumes)

Dates

1869-1917, bulk 1914-1917



Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research. Patrons are required to use microfilm for those series for which it is available. Advance notice is required for using original material. Please contact us to arrange access.

Physical Location

Portions of this collection are stored offsite.

Alternate Forms Available

This collection is partially microfilmed. Microfilm is available on-site or via interlibrary loan.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by unknown persons at an unknown date. Staff archivists Rachel Greer and Alexandra Hilton revised and standardized the finding aid in 2015. Updated by staff archivist Alexandra Hilton in 2017 and 2018.
This collection consists of the records produced by the mayoral administration of John Purroy Mitchel. The bulk of this collection consists of correspondence received by the Mayor's office from City departments and agencies related to the daily work of the agencies. Also included in this collection is correspondence sent from the Mayor's office to City departments and agencies, as well as correspondence to and from the Mayor's Office to members of the general public. Official documentation of legislation, permitting, licensing, speeches, proclamations and scrapbooks are also present.

John Purroy Mitchel was born in the Fordham area of the Bronx in 1879. The Mitchel family was one of devout Irish Catholic New Yorkers. His father, James, was a veteran of the Confederate Army and a New York City fire marshal. His mother, Mary Purroy, was from a family of leading politicians in the Bronx, and her Venezuelan-born father, Juan Bautista Purroy, served as that country’s consul to the United States.



Raised in a devout Irish Catholic family, Mitchel was educated at Fordham Preparatory School, Columbia College, and New York Law School. Early in his career, he worked as a private attorney, entering city politics in 1906 when he worked for New York City Corporation Counsel investigating Manhattan Borough President John Ahearn's office for corruption. He worked as assistant corporation counsel and then investigated the finances of city departments with the Commissioner of Accounts. In 1909, Mitchel was elected President of the Board of Alderman, and as such, served as Acting Mayor for a brief period in 1910 after the attempted assassination of Mayor William J. Gaynor.



Known as being a reformer and anti-Tammany Hall, Mitchel won his campaign for Mayor by a surprisingly large margin, and entered office in 1914. The 34-year-old was the youngest Mayor of the City of New York, earning him the nickname “Boy Mayor.” While in office, Mitchel continued his quest to reform the city, focusing especially on the Police Department and education. He also unsuccessfully attempted to bring the rapid transit system under municipal control.



Mitchel ran for reelection in 1917, but this time his campaign had no chance against a rebounding Tammany Hall. After this loss, he joined the military, specifically the Air Service, and died tragically in a plane crash during training, in 1918.

Title
Guide to the records of Mayor John P. Mitchel, 1914-1917
Status
Completed
Author
Rachel Greer and Alexandra Hilton
Date
2015
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
eng

Revision Statements

  • 2017: Updated by staff archivist Alexandra Hilton
  • 2018: Updated by staff archivist Alexandra Hilton